For architects

The Concise Townscape, Gordon Cullen

Townscape

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The townscape movement emerged after the Second World War as a way of looking at how towns grew organically and how planners should respect...
Nagakin Capsule Tower

Metabolist architecture

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The Japanese group known as the Metabolists proposed a new kind of architecture based on values of adaptability and change. Their visionary designs included...
Archigram

Archigram

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The British group Archigram formed in the 1960s as a forum for architectural discussions and ideas. Its projects existed mainly on paper, but its...
Drawn with a black felt pen

Why draw?

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There is an undisguised air of evangelism running through this book, for it seeks to encourage students of architecture, craft and design to forsake...
DRAWING TODAY

The benefits of drawing

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The act of drawing is an important starting point for the intellectual process we call ‘design’. To be able to draw a chair or...
Galician Center for Contemporary Art, Santiago de Compostela

Neorationalism

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The Italian movement known there as la Tendenza explored a way of building that was at once new and responsive to the shapes, forms...
Yale University Art and Architecture Building

Brutalism

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The style known as brutalism was a bold, distinctive version of modernism that became popular in the 1960s. Typified by extensive use of concrete...
Historic buildings

Heritage

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The way we have looked at historical buildings has changed greatly over the past 150 years. From being all but ignored by the authorities,...
Park Hill Estate, Sheffield

Segregated planning

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Mass car ownership and the increased traffic it brought posed a major challenge to architects and planners. For decades, the obvious solution seemed to...
US Pavilion at the Montreal Exhibition

Dymaxion design

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Richard Buckminster Fuller combined the roles of engineer, inventor and architect to produce a number of innovative designs, the most famous of which were...
Jacobs House, Middleton

Organic architecture. Frank Lloyd Wright

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For thousands of years writers on architecture have compared the creations of builders and architecture to the natural world. The great American architect Frank...
Radio City Music Hall, Rockefeller Center

Art Deco

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In the 1920s a number of French designers promoted a style that made ornament modern. They turned their backs on traditional classical and Gothic...
Glenn Murcutt’s Ball-Eastaway House, Glenorie, NSW

Minimalism

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One of the most familiar interior design styles of recent decades is minimalism—plain walls, surfaces uninterrupted by ornament or moldings, zero clutter. Fashionable as...
Mies van der Rohe’s German Pavilion

The International Style

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The International Style was the name chosen to describe the modernist architecture of the 1920s and early 30s, when the work of architects such...
Bauhaus

Bauhaus

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The Bauhaus was a school of design, founded in Germany in 1919, that had a lasting influence on architecture and the design of all...
Monument to the Third International

Constructivism

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The Russian constructivist movement flourished briefly in the 1920s and 30s. Constructivist architects produced breathtaking modern designs, often glorying in unusual and innovative structures....
Schröder House, Utrecht

De Stijl

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Dutch architects were in the vanguard of modernism from 1910 to the end of the 1920s. Their De Stijl movement, which produced stunning white...
The Grosse Schauspielhaus, Berlin

Expressionism

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The expressionist movement had its heyday in Germany and the Netherlands in the 1920s. It brought dramatic new forms—curving walls and faceted domes, for...
Features of the style of architecture of Russian architecture

Features of the style of architecture of Russian architecture

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What are the features of this style? The traditions of the cross-dome system are preserved. Local limestone is used, from the blocks of which...